Originality: Communicate and report analysis and interpretation of data and experimental results, new ideas, research, and theories
Authors: Experts, professionals, and practitioners in the subject area(s)
Intended Audiences: Professionals, researchers, and educators in the subject area(s)
Sponsorship: often a professional organization or society in the subject area (s)
Publication Frequency: usually a regular pattern with assigned volume and issue numbers, although articles may be published online as soon as they successfully complete the review process.
Editorial and Peer Review: most articles are critically evaluated for scholarship by peers and/or professional editors. Note that NOT all items in a scholarly journal are peer-reviewed: examples -- book reviews, editorials, meeting abstracts
Scholarly Journal Articles
Scholarly Journal Articles - Characteristics
Illustrations: often fewer than a popular magazine or newspaper. Charts and graphs may be used to summarize results or data.
Terminology specific to the subject and discipline. May take extra time to read if you are not already familiar wit the subject or discipline.
Article format: often contains
Abstract: brief description of the article
Author affiliations: with a university or college department or a museum, government agency, or health institution related to the subject area of the article
Sections such as Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions. This varies depending on the on the discipline and the requirements of the specific journal
References to works cited (or footnotes or a bibliography)
Peer-Review What is it?
Review must be completed before an article is officially accepted and published
Not all articles are accepted
Authors cannot pay to guaranteed publication of their article(s)
An example of the process
Editors send the article to outside reviewers - peers. Peers are specialists or experts in the relevant subject field
The article may be kept confidential or posted publicly during the review process, depending on the discipline and specific journal policies
Reviewers may be anonymous or not to the authors of the article, depending on the specific journal's policies
Reviewers may recommend rejection, publication with corrections and/or follow-up, or acceptance.
Journal editors must also agree if acceptance is recommended.